609 in 2015 and later

648 past in 2015 (updated 17-07-'15)

When Race Officials Are Ignored, Fair Is Fair

When Race Officials Are Ignored, Fair Is Fair​2nd Infringement:
A red flag and a card bearing bearing the swimmer's number shall be raised by the Referee (OWS 3.6) to indicate and to inform the swimmer that (s)he is for the second time in violation of the rules. The swimmer shall be disqualified. He must leave the water immediately and be placed in the escort craft, and take no further part in the race.

This USA Swimming rule - very similar to rules throughout the competitive open water swimming world including FINA rules - is a key component of basic fairness among athletes, coaches and administrators in the sport of competitive open water swimming.

Read the full article @dailynews.openwaterswimming